Environmental safety is given top priority in all the entities of the of the Transneft JSC system. Environmental safety is of paramount importance to the specialized sea oil port of Kozmino, as its operation affects not only the interests of Russia, but also the interests of the countries of the Asia-Pacific Region.
The environmentalists of Transneft Kozmino Port, LLC, put great efforts into their painstaking work in environmental protection and continuous monitoring of compliance with the environmental standards.
MONITORING OF THE OFFSHORE AREA CONDITION. Ballast water from all the vessels arriving at the port is checked for oil product content. The requirements are very stringent, like to the water in a fishery water body, i.e. the content of oil products must not exceed 0.05 grams per liter. If the content of oil products in the ballast water is higher, the tanker will not be serviced in the water area of our port. To prevent any risk of contamination by the vessels that are serviced at the terminals of the port each vessel is boomed. The emergency rescue teams have 6.5 km of sea-booms for this purpose. The condition of the offshore area of the port is monitored by the ecological and analytical laboratory. Laboratory technicians regularly collect and check samples for the content of oil products and other contaminants, certain metals, and suspended substances.
TREATMENT FACILITIES. To protect atmospheric air against pollution the port has an oil vapor recovery unit. Sewage water is treated at the treatment facilities. Hazardous waste is detoxified at the high-temperature waste detoxification unit – at 1,100 degrees.
EMERGENCY RESCUE TEAMS. The level of training of the emergency rescue teams and provision of Kozmino Port with environmental protection equipment are important aspects of environmental safety. Every year, the company uses its sites for more than two hundred emergency response drills in accident and incident response to oil spill and process equipment failure.
MARINE CULTURE EXPERIMENTAL FARM. The Japanese scallop has been chosen as the target of environmental monitoring. In 2010, the specialized sea oil port of Kozmino launched a project of sea hydrobiont farming in Kozmin Bay. Over the last years, the experimental farm site has turned into a large area of marine culture; its total area increased five times and it has become home to other representative of marine life – the Pacific mussel and Japanese sea tangle. They also can be used in environmental monitoring of the offshore area.
To feed itself the scallop has to filter a lot of water, and all the substances that are in the water are accumulated in its tissues. Tissue tests can help to identify the level of water purity. The reproductive capability of mussels proves that the environmental condition of the bay area is favorable. The regular tests of samples of water, soils and hydrobionts’ tissues, which were performed during the experiment, showed that the hydrocarbon levels do not exceed the background levels. The stable status of communities and their successful reproduction are reliable signs evidencing favorable environment in the bay. It is not surprising that Kamchatka crabs, sea urchins and other species of sea life have found shelter and food in the sea farm. The experimental farm is gradually turning into an interesting petting zoo showcasing a miniature picture of the biological diversity of the bay.
Besides, the specialized sea oil port of Kozmino is contributing to the increase in the natural population of Japanese scallops in Kozmino Bay. In 2012-2013 the environmentalists of the port released more than 80,000 scallops into the natural habitat, and another 170,000 scallops were added in 2014.