Transneft – Kozmino Port is part of Transneft (before June 30, 2016 - Oil Transporting Joint-Stock Company Transneft) and is the end point of Eastern Siberia-Pacific Ocean Pipeline System (ESPO PS). Kozmino Oil Port is meant for oil receiving through the pipeline and its transshipment to modern sea-craft. Commissioning of the first and then the second stage of ESPO PS and the port in Kozmino bay (coast of the Sea of Japan) allowed exporting oil of a new promising sort ESPO (East Siberian – Pacific ocean) to the countries of Asia-Pacific Region.
COMMISSIONING. Kozmino Oil Port is the end point of the transportation system with the length of almost 5 thousand kilometres, connecting six regions of the Eastern Siberia and the Far East. The large-scale project ESPO PS was implemented according to the order of the Government of the Russian Federation in accordance with the Energy Strategy of the Country Development.
Commissioning of the first stage of Eastern Siberia-Pacific Ocean Pipeline System and Kozmino Port was conducted on December 28, 2009. At the same time loading of the first 100 thousand tons of oil to the tanker “Moscow University” started. The second stage of the project was commissioned on December 25, 2012.
PORT’S FUNCTIONING AS PART OF ESPO-I From 2009 to 2012 oil was supplied to Transneft – Kozmino Port only by railroad. The first train with oil from Western Siberia was accepted for unloading at the railroad unloading facility on October 22, 2009. Two double-sided railroad unloading facilities provided self-flowing bottom oil unloading from 72 railtank cars each. In total railroad unloading facilities could accept 144 railtank cars. The oil unloaded at the unloading facilities was pumped through the pipeline with the length of 23 kilometres to the tank farm of the oil depot with construction value of 350 thousand cubic metres. After forming a tankerload, oil loading to a tanker was performed.
CAPACITY OF THE PORT, SHIPMENT Capacity of the port was equal to 15 million tons of oil a year at the first stage of implementation of the ESPO project. After commissioning of the second stage it became possible to increase the amount of the shipped oil up to 30 million tons.
Today oil loading to oil tankers is performed at two berths: No. 1, accepting tankers with deadweight of 80-150 thousand tons, and No. 2, accepting tankers with deadweight of 80-120 thousand tons. Works on reconstruction of the approach embankment and bottom dredging of water area of berth No. 2 are conducted from 2015 for the purpose of increasing the port’s capacity, which will allow accepting tankers with deadweight of up to 150 thousand tons at both berths. Increasing of the terminal capacity will be as well provided due to construction of new tanks for oil storage in the tank farm of the port.
From the moment of commissioning in the end of 2009 to the middle of 2016 139,035 million tons of oil was exported through Transneft – Kozmino Port. The list of countries, to which the tankers with oil go from the berths of the far eastern terminal of Transneft, is constantly enlarging. They are: China, South Korea, Japan, the USA, Singapore, Thailand, Taiwan, Indonesia, Philippines, India, Peru, Malaysia, New Zealand, Australia, Vietnam.